The Venezuela crisis has been an ongoing issue whose roots stem from all the way back in the 1990s when Venezuela adopted a socialist government in hopes of decreasing poverty and raising their overall standard of living. The goal was to use their oil revenue to uplift the economy, however this quickly turned south due to corruption within the government leaving Venezuela's poverty issues worse than ever.
Fast forward to 2019: Nicolas Maduro, the current president under the Venezuelan constitution, is having his title disputed due to the belief that he only won his election through fraud. “For the past two weeks, ever since Maduro took the oath for a second six-year term in the face of widespread international condemnation, the newly invigorated opposition had been preparing for nationwide demonstrations Wednesday, coinciding with the anniversary marking the end of Venezuela's last military dictatorship in 1958,” ABC NEWS reported.
“Venezuela’s political crisis was turned on its head on Wednesday as a succession of world powers declared they were recognizing the opposition leader Juan Guaidó as the South American country’s rightful interim president,” reported The Guardian.
Is Maduro the acting president of Venezuela or is National Assembly leader Juan Guaidó the current president? Within the country, Maduro is more widely backed due to the fear instilled based on his fraudulent relationship with the Venezuelan military. CNBC states that “Guido's declaration takes Venezuela into uncharted territory, with the possibility of the opposition now running a parallel government recognized abroad as legitimate but without control over state functions.”
Now, world powers such as President Trump and the United Nations are supporting Guaidó. The backing of Juan Guaidó by the United States government had lead Nicolas Maduro to threaten all US ambassadors to evacuate the country.
Currently, The UN has reported that security forces within Venezuela “detained nearly 700 people in one day last week amid anti-government protests -- the highest such tally in a single day in the country in at least 20 years,” according to CBS news. This is alarming because an estimate of over 40 people have died or been killed during these protests. Guaidó is in hiding and will remains in hiding until Maduro no longer is in control of military forces.